Claudia Goldin, Nobel Prize in Economics ( Claudia_Goldin_Headshot.jpg)

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Women and Adversity:
Claudia Goldin
2023 Nobel Prize Winner in Economics

Claudia Goldin is the third woman to receive the Nobel Prize in Economics, and the first woman to receive it without sharing it with another economist. She concentrated her research on women in the workforce over the past 200 years. Her research shows how women’s participation in the workforce changed through the 1800s and 1900s. She presents factors that influence the gender, pay and hiring biases. The 1970s was especially influential because women had access to the birth control pill, which gave them a reason to marry later and to get a higher education. Today women still have a wage gap—80 cents to each dollar a man makes—but now the gap usually starts when a woman has her first child.

Goldin has written several books, including Understanding the Gender Gap: An Economic History of American Women and Women Working Longer: Increased Employment at Older Ages. She wrote The Race Between Education and Technology with her husband, Lawrence Katz. It was the winner of the 2008 R.R. Hawkins Award for the most outstanding scholarly work in all disciplines of the arts and sciences.

She is a true scholar, and anyone delving into her work will spend hours poring over it. Listening to YouTube videos helps understand her work.

Born – May 14, 1946 in New York, New York
Father was a data processing manager at Burlington Industries
Mother was principal of Bronx Public School 105
Karen, her sister, is a journalist and author of several books
1964 – Graduated from Bronx High School of Science
1967 – Bachelor’s degree in economics, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York
1969 – Master’s degree in economics, University of Chicago
1972 – Ph.D. in industrial organization and labor economics, University of Chicago

1972-1973 – Assistant professor, University of Wisconsin, Madison
1973-1979 – Princeton University, New Jersey
1979-1990 – Tenured full professor, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
1989-2017 – Director of the Development of the American Economy Program at National Bureau of Economic Research
1990 – First woman granted a tenured professorship in economics at Harvard University, Cambridge, Massachusetts
Present – Henry Lee Professor of Economics, Harvard

Personal Life
Married to Lawrence Katz for more than 30 years. He is a labor economist at Harvard with research focused on minimum wage, immigration
and education.
The couple have two children. Ben is a software engineer, and Sarah is a student at Harvard.

Learn more about Goldin:
Claudia Goldin Wins Nobel in Economics for Studying Women in the Work Force – The New York Times (

The Gender Pay Gap in 2022 (Claudia Goldin Interview) YouTube

Harvard’s Claudia Goldin awarded Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences – Harvard Gazette

My ebooks available at and
Honoring 23 Black Women, Recognizing 23 Notable Mothers, Saluting 23 Faithful Suffragists  

Article By: Jo Ann Mathews

I published three ebooks in 2020: Women and Adversity, Honoring 23 Black Women; Women and Adversity, Recognizing 23 Notable Mothers; and Women and Adversity, Saluting 23 Faithful Suffragists to commemorate the hundredth anniversary of the passage of the 19th Amendment giving women the right to vote. These books are meant to be study guides for all students from grade school through college to help in choosing topics for assignments and to learn more about these noteworthy women. Go to, and to learn more.

  1. Susan Friedberg says:

    Another very informative, eye opening article! Thanks for keeping us well informed about women and how they’ve overcome adversity. So proud to say I knew you when!

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